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Guide to Japan and Teaching English in Japan

This is not intended to be a fully comprehensive list of education related terms. It includes the words most commonly encountered by English educators in Japan. If we've missed anything or if you have any suggestions, let us know.

Note on Japanese spelling: there are different ways of representing Japanese using the English alphabet. We have used what we believe is the least confusing spelling for non-Japanese speakers.

ELT Words and Abbreviations: A - D | E - L | M - Z | Japanese ELT-related Words

January 08, 2009

Japanese ELT-related Words

米国

beikoku

The USA (Amerika is usually used)

ボールペン

bohru pen

ballpoint pen

文法

bunpoh

grammar

文章

bunshoh

sentence

中学校

chuu-gakkoh

junior high school, middle school

大学

daigaku

university

大学院

daigakuin

(post) graduate school

動詞

dohshi

verb

動名詞

dohmeishi

gerund

英語

eigo

English

英検

eiken

English proficiency test administered by STEP

英会話

eikaiwa

English conversation

英国

eikoku

the UK (Igirisu is usually used)

鉛筆

enpitsu

pencil

副詞

fukushi

adverb

複数(名詞)

fukusuu (meishi)

plural (noun)

学校

gakkoh

school

合宿

gasshuku

study camp

現在(形)

genzai (kei)

present (tense)

保健室

hokenshitsu

(school) infirmary

イギリス

igirisu

the UK

辞書

jisho

dictionary

過去(形)

kako (kei)

past (tense)

契約

keiyaku

contract

形容詞

keiyohshi

adjective

欠席

kesseki

absence

消しゴム

keshi gomu

eraser

期末試験

kimatsu shiken

end-of-term test

高校

kohkoh

(senior) high school

校長先生

kohchoh sensei

school principal

黒板

kokuban

blackboard

答え

kotae

answer

教育

kyouiku

education

教科書

kyoukasho

textbook

教室

kyoushitsu

classroom

給料

kyuuryoh

salary, pay

授業

jugyoh

lesson

名詞

meishi

noun

未来(形)

mirai (kei)

future (tense)

文部科学省

mombu-kagakushoh

Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (was Mombushoh)

文部省

mombushoh

Ministry of Education (see Mombu-kagakushoh)

問題

mondai

problem, question

年末試験

nenmatsu shiken

end-of-year test

入学試験

nyuugaku shiken

entrance examination

履歴書

rirekisho

resume, curriculum vitae (CV)

成績

seiseki

exam grades, results

生徒

seito

student

seki

seat

専門学校

senmon-gakkoh

special (professional) school, technical school

先生

sensei

teacher, Mr./Ms....

試験

shiken

test, exam

shin-eiken

New Association of English Teachers

質問

shitsumon

question

小学校

shoh-gakkoh

elementary school, primary school

出席(を取る)

shusseki (wo toru)

(check the) attendance/roll

出席簿

shussekibo

attendance/roll book

総合的な学習の時間

sohgohtekina gakushuu no jikan

"period for integrated study," often used for English classes in elementary schools

単語

tango

word

短期大学

tanki-daigaku

junior college (2-year)

単数(名詞)

tansuu (meishi)

singular (noun)

tsukue

desk

綴り

tsuzuri

spelling

幼稚園

yohchien

kindergarten



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